Wednesday, April 2, 2014

Millettia Pinnata Seeds

Millettia pinnata is a medium-sized, fast-growing, deciduous shrub or tree, in Fabaceae or Leguminosae-Papilionoideae family, with a broad distribution from India, through central and south-eastern Asia, Indonesia and into northern Australia. It grows to 15–25 m height, prefers humid tropical and subtropical climates and can tolerate a wide range of soils, including saline soils, but its highest growth rates are observed on well drained soils with assured moisture. Can tolerate a range of different conditions with mean annual rainfall between 500–2500 mm and temperature below 0°C to 50°C. The small clusters of coloured flowers blossom on the branches throughout the year, maturing into brown seed pods.

The Millettia seeds contains 30-40% oil, and is said to be the new source of ‘biofuel". The various parts of the tree like root, bark, leaves, sap, and flower have been used in indigenous medicine, notably for the treatment of rheumatism, and it is also planted for its shade and is grown as an ornamental tree due to the large canopy and showy fragrant flowers. The seed cake, remaining when oil is extracted from the seeds, is used as organic fertiliser or as animal stock feed.

Thursday, March 27, 2014

Jatropha curcas seeds

Commonly known as Barbados Nut, Purging Nut, Physic Nut, or JCL. Belonging to the species of flowering plant in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae, Jatropha curcas seeds is a native to the American tropics. It is fast growing, easy to grow and drought resistant tree. Can attain the height of around 3-6 m and produces seed which contains around 35 to 37% oil. The tree grows on well drained sandy loam and requires good drainage. It lives for over 100 years and can yield seeds for about 50 years. Leaves, flowers, nuts, seeds, roots, bark, latex, shrub, sap, almost every part of the Jatropha is useful. 
Jatropha is used primary as a form of biodiesel fuel. Used for medicinal purposes and helps to cure diseases like tumor, opthalmia, ringworm, ulcers, malaria, skin diseases, bronchitis, asthma, cancer, piles, snakebite, paralysis, dropsy, etc. The Tree seeds oil is used in soap making, candles and cosmetics manufacturing. The by-products, press cake, remained after oil extraction is rich in nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium, hence used as a good organic fertilizer, bio-pesticide or animal fodder. The tree is also grown as an ornamental or hedge plant around agricultural fields.

Tuesday, March 25, 2014

Moringa Seeds

Moringa is a fast growing, evergreen, deciduous tree, loaded with long, fragile branches, which are covered with small, oval-shaped dark green leaves. Native to the southern foothills of the Himalayas, this is the most widely cultivated and 1 of 13 species of trees belonging to the plant family Moringaceae.

The tree is often referred to as "The Miracle Tree" and "Mothers Best Friend" due to its nutritional benefits. Considered as one of the most nutritious and useful plants ever discovered as it contains a unique combination of vitamins, minerals and amino acids. Almost every part of the tree, like leaves, bark, flowers, fruit, seeds, and root, can be used for mankind and has beneficial medicinal properties. Moringa can cure about 300 diseases. Some of them are anemia, arthritis, rheumatism, asthma, cancer, constipation, diabetes, diarrhea, epilepsy, stomach pain, heart problems, high blood pressure, kidney stones, thyroid disorders, and bacterial, fungal, viral, and parasitic infections, etc. The oil extracted from moringa seeds is used in foods, perfume, and hair care products, and as a machine lubricant. Also, the seed cake remaining after oil extraction is used as a fertilizer and also to purify water.

Sunday, March 23, 2014

Bixa Orellana Seeds

Native to the tropical region of the Americas and the only species of the family Bixaceae, Bixa Orellana is a shrub or small tree reaching to 6-20 feet in height, age about 50 years and has pink, white or a pinkish-white flowers. Flowering occurs in October-December. 

It is mainly grown as an ornamental tree and the seeds produces orange-yellow pigments carotenoid, called bixin and norbixin. The seed also called "poor man's saffron" as it makes a good alternative for much expensive spice saffron. Widely used in food, cosmetic, textile and soap industries. Uses varies like a food colorant, a textile dye, an insect repellent, as a sunscreen and against insect bites.

Saturday, January 4, 2014

Sesbania grandiflora Seeds

Sesbania grandiflora is a small tree that produces firewood, forage, pulp and paper, and green manure and appears to hold promise for reforesting eroded and grassy wastelands. Its outstanding quality is its rapid growth rate. The large handsome flowers and long pods make it an amazing ornamental tree.